Having a low socio-economic status leads to poor health, which perpetuates the low socio-economic status.

The private and public sector can consider breaking this cycle by employing disadvantaged people.

Meanwhile, governments can assist the employers by providing them with benefits for hiring every person with a low socio-economic status.

Who is disadvantaged?

Groups of persons that experience a higher risk of poverty, social exclusion, discrimination and violence than the general population, including, but not limited to, ethnic minorities, migrants, people with disabilities, isolated elderly people and children.

from europa.eu

The numbers


Overall, children and active-age adults have a higher risk of poverty or social exclusion.

The percentage of children living in a household at risk of poverty or social exclusion ranged from less than 15.0 % in Denmark and Czechia to more than 40 % in Bulgaria (41.6 %) and Romania (41.7 %). The main factors affecting child poverty are:

  • the labour market situation of the parents (which is linked to their level of education),
  • the composition of the household in which the children live,
  • and the effectiveness of government intervention through income support and the provision of services.

EU Strategy

The European Union is actively supporting initiatives of reducing the unemployment rate and social exclusion in the EU countries. Find out more at:

The STEP Research

“Skills Training for Effective Practice”(STEP), funded by the EU Erasmus+ Programme, has reviewed scientific evidence from around the world about the most effective methods of guidance for helping people choose and succeed in suitable careers.